Monthly Archives: December 2007

Proenkephalin expression and enkephalin release are widely observed in non-neuronal tissues.

  Peptides. 2007 Nov 17 [Epub ahead of print] Related Articles Proenkephalin expression and enkephalin release are widely observed in non-neuronal tissues. Denning GM, Ackermann LW, Barna TJ, Armstrong JG, Stoll LL, Weintraub NL, Dickson EW. Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Drive, C-43 GH, Iowa City, IA 52242-1009, United States. Enkephalins are opioid peptides that are found at high levels in the brain and endocrine tissues. Studies have shown that enkephalins play an important role in behavior, pain, … Continue reading

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Psychiatric Symptoms in Children and Adolescents With Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome and their Parents.

Another form of separation anxiety… MP     Headache. 2007 Dec 12 [Epub ahead of print] Related Articles Psychiatric Symptoms in Children and Adolescents With Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome and their Parents. Tarbell S, Li BU. Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. Objective.- To conduct a pilot study to evaluate the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms in children and adolescents with cyclic vomiting syndrome and to assess family history of psychiatric disorder. Background.- Little is known about psychiatric comorbidity in … Continue reading

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Comorbidity of Migraine and Psychiatric Disorders-A National Population-Based Study.

Headache. 2007 Dec 7 [Epub ahead of print] Related Articles, Links Comorbidity of Migraine and Psychiatric Disorders-A National Population-Based Study. Jette N, Patten S, Williams J, Becker W, Wiebe S. Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Background.- Migraine is common, with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 7-17%. Population-based studies have reported an association between various psychiatric conditions and migraine. This is a population-based study exploring the association between migraine and psychiatric disorders in a large cohort and assessing various health-related outcomes. … Continue reading

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Electromagnetic millimeter wave induced hypoalgesia: Frequency dependence and involvement of endogenous opioids.

Bioelectromagnetics. 2007 Dec 6 [Epub ahead of print] Related Articles, Links Electromagnetic millimeter wave induced hypoalgesia: Frequency dependence and involvement of endogenous opioids. Radzievsky AA, Gordiienko OV, Alekseev S, Szabo I, Cowan A, Ziskin MC. Center for Biomedical Physics, Temple University Medical School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Millimeter wave treatment (MMWT) is based on the systemic biological effects that develop following local skin exposure to low power electromagnetic waves in the millimeter range. In the present set of experiments, the hypoalgesic effect of this treatment was analyzed … Continue reading

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Psychiatric disorders and family functioning in children and adolescents with functional abdominal pain syndrome.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007 Nov 14 [Epub ahead of print] Links Psychiatric disorders and family functioning in children and adolescents with functional abdominal pain syndrome. Ghanizadeh A, Moaiedy F, Imanieh MH, Askani H, Haghighat M, Dehbozorgi G, Dehghani SM. Department of Psychiatry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Background and Aim: Functional abdominal pain syndrome (FAPS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder. There is a heightened risk when conducting potentially dangerous and unnecessary medical investigations and procedures in children with FAPS. The aim of this … Continue reading

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Oral naltrexone to enhance analgesia in patients receiving continuous intrathecal morphine for chronic pain: a randomized, double-blind, prospective pilot study.

J Opioid Manag. 2007 May-Jun;3(3):137-44. Related Articles, Links Oral naltrexone to enhance analgesia in patients receiving continuous intrathecal morphine for chronic pain: a randomized, double-blind, prospective pilot study. Hamann S, Sloan P. Department of Anesthesiology, University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, USA. BACKGROUND: Years’ worth of observations suggest that morphine has both inhibitory and excitatory actions, and that selective blockade of excitatory effects by low doses of opioid antagonists (e.g., naltrexone) may paradoxically enhance morphine analgesia. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate … Continue reading

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Leukocyte-derived opioid peptides and inhibition of pain.

J Neuroimmune Pharmacol. 2006 Mar;1(1):90-7. Related Articles, Links Leukocyte-derived opioid peptides and inhibition of pain. Machelska H, Stein C. Klinik für Anaesthesiologie und operative Intensivmedizin, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, D-12200, Berlin, Germany. halina.machelska@charite.de In peripheral inflamed tissue interactions between leukocyte-derived opioid peptides and opioid receptors on sensory neurons lead to potent, clinically relevant inhibition of pain. Opioid receptors are present on peripheral terminals of sensory neurons and are upregulated in inflammation. Their endogenous ligands, opioid peptides, are synthesized in circulating immune cells, … Continue reading

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Depression and panic disorder as predictors of health outcomes for patients with asthma in primary care.

Respir Med. 2007 Nov 29 [Epub ahead of print] Related Articles, Links Depression and panic disorder as predictors of health outcomes for patients with asthma in primary care. Schneider A, Löwe B, Meyer FJ, Biessecker K, Joos S, Szecsenyi J. Department of General Practice and Health Services Research, University Hospital, University of Heidelberg, Vossstrasse 2, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany. INTRODUCTION: Depression and panic disorder are widely acknowledged as complicating factors in asthma patients. However, their impact on health outcomes in primary care patients is less well … Continue reading

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History of childhood maltreatment is associated with comorbid depression in women with migraine.

  Neurology. 2007 Sep 4;69(10):959-68. Related Articles, Links History of childhood maltreatment is associated with comorbid depression in women with migraine. Tietjen GE, Brandes JL, Digre KB, Baggaley S, Martin VT, Recober A, Geweke LO, Hafeez F, Aurora SK, Herial NA, Utley C, Khuder SA. Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, The University of Toledo-Health Science Campus, Toledo, OH 43614, USA. gretchen.tietjen@utoledo.edu BACKGROUND: A bidirectional relationship between migraine and depression suggests a neurobiological link. Adverse experiences, particularly childhood maltreatment, may alter neurobiological systems, and predispose … Continue reading

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Gender-specific associations of short sleep duration with prevalent and incident hypertension: the Whitehall II Study.

Hypertension. 2007 Oct;50(4):693-700. Epub 2007 Sep 4. Related Articles, Links Erratum in: Hypertension. 2007 Nov;50(5):e170. Gender-specific associations of short sleep duration with prevalent and incident hypertension: the Whitehall II Study. Cappuccio FP, Stranges S, Kandala NB, Miller MA, Taggart FM, Kumari M, Ferrie JE, Shipley MJ, Brunner EJ, Marmot MG. Clinical Sciences Research Institute, Warwick Medical School, Coventry, United Kingdom. sleepresearch@warwick.ac.uk Sleep deprivation (<or=5 hour per night) was associated with a higher risk of hypertension in middle-aged American adults but not among older individuals. However, … Continue reading

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